Trauma describes the damaging effect that an event has on a person. The damage can be both physical and psychological. Natural disasters (e.g. fire, flood) are obvious examples of traumatic events but unfortunately there are numerous other events that traumatise people at different stages of their lives. Basically, trauma is an event, or a series of events that can shape or change the way we think and feel about the world, other people, the future and our selves. Therefore trauma can be subtle or profound and the effect can last a lifetime.

The lasting Psychological effects are often deep and painful memories that are very difficult to come to terms with. People often behave in ways to avoid thinking about what has happened to them. People sometimes refuse to speak about it, take drugs, drink alcohol, become isolated and do whatever they can not to think about the thing that is troubling them. Problem is that is not possible to forget about something that has had a huge impact on one's life. The avoidance means that the trauma continues to create problems for a long time after the traumatic event has occured.

It is a difficult and very brave thing to confront something so terrifying. Discussing traumatic events can feel like they are being relived and no one wants to do that. A skilled Psychologist can be present and provide guidance while deep painful memories are accessed and processed. Once processed, the traumatic memories are the same, but the stronghold that the thoughts and feelings once had are gone. The need for avoidance also passes which frees up energy to do other things. In other words, treatment can help people feel like they are back in control and are then able to get on with their lives in a more constructive way.